Serval cats are carnivorous, which means that they eat meat. They usually feed mostly on small mammals like rodents, hares and hedgehogs. Servals are also known to hunt larger animals such as monkeys, baboons and antelopes.
They have been observed to be able to take down prey up to three times their size, but their diet is mostly comprised of smaller animals because they are easier to catch in the African savannahs and can provide more energy for the cat.
Scientists have been studying the serval cat’s diet in captivity and found that they are not picky eaters. They will eat a variety of meats, vegetables, and fruits.
In the wild, servals usually hunt small mammals, birds, insects, reptiles, and scavenge off dead animals. They can also feed on fruit when it is available. Wild servals living close to agricultural areas will often prey on domestic animals like chickens and goats.
In captivity this is not always possible so many zoos supplement their diets with commercially prepared food in addition to live prey like mice and rabbits.